Political stability is vital. Here’s some of the success of Mr Erdoğan and his government :
1. Economic success :
– Turkey’s debt to the IMF was 23.5 billion $ in 2002. The previous governments did a very bad job. Erdoğan and the AKP paid everything : no debt anymore since May 2013. The Turks are henceforth free.
– Turkey’s exports in 2002 amounted to 36 billion $. They reached 153 billion $ in 2012. The target is 500 billion $ in 2023.
– The reserves of the Turkish Central bank in 2002 amounted to 27 billon $. In 2012 : 105 billion $.
– The GDP in 2002 was 231 billion $. 786 billion $ in 2012.
– The inflation rate was 65 percent in 2002, currently it is around 7%.
– Tourism revenues in 2002 amounted to 8.5 billion $ whereas in 2012 they reached 25 billion $.
– Turkey is the 6th largest economy of the EU (although it is not a member yet).
– In 2002 Turkey’s gross government debt to GDP ratio was 74 %. In 2012 it fell to 36.1 %.
I quote an EU report of 2011 :
EU average in gross government debt to GDP ratio reaches as high as 79 percent. The government debt to GDP ratio which shouldn’t exceed 60 % according to the Maastricht economic criteria are 140.2 percent in Greece, 118.9 percent in Italy, 98.6 percent in Belgium, 97.4 percent in Ireland, 83 percent in France and Portugal each, 77.8 percent in Britain and 75.7 percent in Germany.
– Marmaray, a tunnel underneath the Bosphorus, will be inaugurated next October. It will connect the Anatolian shore of Istanbul to the European shore. Normally it should have been operational two years ago but owing to archeological projects it has been delayed. This is an excellent stance from the AKP but no applause.
– Several new metro lines were built in Istanbul. New lines will be built.
– Several high-speed train lines have been built throughout Turkey. It will continue. Target : 10 000 kilometres.
– A third bridge will be built in Istanbul (but I don’t understand the choice of the name of that bridge : a name of a sultan that was responsible for the death of many people a few centuries ago).
– The world’s biggest airport will be built in Istanbul (with a capacity of 150 million passengers per year). Nearly 30 billion euros will be paid to the Turkish state.
– Turkish Airlines was named the best Airline in Europe.
– Thousands of kilometres of highways (nearly 22 000) and many tunels were built in Turkey, a few airports were built in the East which is developing at last.
– 206 dams were built.
– Tanks, helicopters, warships, warplanes, civil planes, satellites, cars, …. were and will be built.
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2. Democratic, social & political success :
– Turkey’s biggest problem the Kurdish issue was resolved : there have been for several years in Turkey Kurdish lessons at universities and schools. Prime Minister Erdoğan created a Kurdish TV and some radios. That is a revolution but many people underestimate or hide that, especially the EU leaders and media. Let us remind that before the AKP came to power in 2002 anyone who would have said that he was a Kurd on TV or in any media would have had problems and been arrested (by the deep state and the so-called Turkish army which was actually influenced by foreign powers). No Kurd was able to sing in Kurdish. Today the Kurdish-rooted citizens feel like human beings, and it’s thanks to Mr Erdoğan and the AKP, and they did that for the Kurdish cultural rights, not to impress the EU. Mr Erdoğan is besides the first Prime Minister who called the Kurdish-rooted citizens My Kurdish brothers.
– The PKK terrorism is being ended.
But strange coincidence : the Gezi Park conspiracy occured.
In the past whenever Turkey was about to be a more democratic country military coups occured. Very odd : immediately after these military coups the EU froze the EU-Turkey relations. Today, instead of supporting the Turkish government or at least cursing those who spread chaos, the EU leaders and media criticize the AKP (whereas it is some policemen who used excessive force). Doesn’t the EU know that there is an objective of provoking a military coup in Turkey? Doesn’t the EU know that Gezi Park is exactly what happened before each military coup in Turkey? The EU media have been shamelessly attacking Mr Erdoğan and the AKP and the situation is not improving. Many Gezi Park happened in the EU, did Turkey worsen these events? Did the Turkish government and the Turkish media try to weaken the governments involved?
Let us remind that the deep state killed Adnan Menderes, a previous Turkish Prime Minister who served his country, and they also killed a previous Turkish president : Turgut Özal, because this one was going to resolve the Kurdish issue.
The Gezi Park conspiracy (both national and international based) won’t succeed.
– The AKP won 8 elections within 10 years (all) and two referenda were successful. But some circles don’t tolerate democracy.
– The AKP partially reformed the – Military – Constitution and their objective is to write a brand new constitution but the deep state sabotages that process.
– Mr Erdoğan and the AKP have full control over the Turkish Army, which had been ruling with impunity the country for a few decades and influenced by foreign powers. Today we have a stronger army and the control is done by the civilians. The Commander in Chief of the Army is the President of Turkey Mr Abdullah Gül, and he is, after Atatürk, the second true Chief of the Army, given that the previous presidents had no real power and were intimidated by the so-called generals. Today, compared with the past, we don’t have a Turkish President, a Prime Minister and a government connected to the Army, but an Army connected to the Turkish President, the Prime Minister and the government. But that democratic change is not in the interest of some shadowy circles.
– May Day has become a public holiday….thanks to the AKP.
– The AKP has been spending billions of Liras for education and health.
– Many hospitals, new universities as well as schools were built in Eastern Turkey.
– Free books have been given to the students.
– Public servants were granted collective bargain rights.
– Some financial assistance has been provided with the poorest households.
– Women victims of violence can leave their home and are able to be protected by the state (new laws were voted but the problem is still not resolved. But who can control violent husbands?).
– Mr Erdoğan courageously succeeded in dismantling many mafia organizations. Hence his power disturbs many people.
– Mr Erdoğan has prevented the Financial sphere from earning (or stealing) easily billions of euros in Turkey. And that’s one of the reasons why some national and foreign circles try to destabilize his government and even provoke a military coup. Easy money was possible in the past, not anymore.
– Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs Mr Ahmet Davutoğlu (I admire him) and the AKP launched a few years ago the “Zero problem with the neighbours” policy, and that’s been working with many countries. But that pro-peace policy disturbs some countries. However, the “Zero problem with the neighbours” policy can not be efficient if some countries object to it, such as Syria.
– Mr Erdoğan’s Turkey has been sheltering more than 500 000 Syrian refugees.
– Some European leaders tried to force Mr Erdoğan to desert the Turkish Cypriots but the Turkish Prime Minister left the table. Afterwards, the EU-Turkey negotiations started in 2005. That is Erdoğan’s victory. He underlined that the Turkish Cypriots would not be sacrificed.
3. Environmental success :
– 1.7 billion saplings were planted throughout Turkey within a few years.
– Billions of Liras have been spent to protect the environment.
– Kanal Istanbul is a huge project that will save for good Istanbul and the Bosphorus. It will be finished in 2018.
– Istanbul is becoming more modern and more environment-friendly, and will besides most probably organise the 2020 Olympic Games.
To conclude, Turkey has been politically stable since 2002 and a virtuous circle has been created. But some circles, some countries don’t want Turkey to become a great democracy and a great power.